order reprint W Young, L Hanwell, L Shuman, M Brown, M Adickes, P Chang, "Assessing the Use and Costs of Imaging Services," American Healthcare Radiology Administrators' Monograph Series (1999): 1-28.
J Whittle, M Fine, D Joyce, J Lave, W Young, L Hough, W Kapoor, "Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Can It Be Defined with Claims Data?" American J of Medical Quality (Winter 1997): 187-193.
W Young, S Marks, S Kohler, A Hsu, "Dissemination of Clinical Results: Mastectomy vs. Lumpectomy and Radiation Therapy," Medical Care (October 1996): 1003-1017.
W Young, D Joyce, B Carter, N Hollander, K Cline, "Are Small Firms Greater Health Risks?" Health Affairs (Winter 1995): 263-274.
J Wright, D Heck, G Hawker, R Dittus, D Freund, D Joyce, J Paul, W Young, P Coyte, "Rates of Tibial Osteotomies in Canada and the United States," Clinical Orthopaedics (October 1995): 266-275.
PDFW Young, S Kohler, J Kowalski, "PMC Patient Severity Score: Derivation and Validation," HSR: Health Services Research (August 1994): 367-390.
J Mitchell, T Bubolz, J Paul, C Pashos, J Escarce, L Muhlbaier, J Wiesman, W Young, R Epstein, J Javitt, "Using Medicare Claims for Outcomes Research," Medical Care Supplement (July 1994): JS38-51.


order reprint

W Young, D Macioce, J Lucking, "An Ambulatory Service Weighting System: Making Sense out of Millions of Ambulatory Claims," American Medical Informatics Association Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care, Conference Proceedings (November 1993): 668-672.
W Young, D Macioce, "The Cost of Patient Care in Spanish Hospitals Using Patient Management Categories," Final Report submitted to the Spanish Ministry of Health, October 1992.
W Young, "PMCs for Quality, Costs, and Resource Management," Case Mix Bulletin (February 1992).
W Young, D Macioce, "Product Line Analyses Using PMCs versus DRGs," Public Budgeting & Financial Management (January 1992): 83-106. Presented at the 6th International Patient Classification Systems/Europe Working Conference, St. Etienne, France, September 1990.
W Young, D Macioce, "Quality, Costs, and Resource Management Using Patient Management Categories," and translation "Manejo de Calidad, Costos y Recursos Usando las Categorias de Manejo de Pacientes (PMC)," 7th International Patient Classification Systems/Europe, Conference Proceedings, Lausanne, Switzerland, (September 1991).
PDFW Young, J Young, S Smith, M Rhodes, "Defining the Major Trauma Patient and Trauma Severity," J of Trauma (August 1991): 1125-1141. Follow-up Letter to the Editor, J of Trauma (May 1992).
W Young, D Macioce, "PMCs—An Alternative to DRGs for Trauma Care Reimbursement," J of Trauma (April 1991): 459-470.

W Young, D Joyce, J Emes, J Lucking, R Schwarzbach, "Readmissions: Are They An Indicator of Quality of Care?" Unpublished 1991.

S Smith, L Martin, W Young, D Macioce, "Do Trauma Centers Improve Outcome Over NonTrauma Centers: The Evaluation of Regional Trauma Care Using Discharge Abstract Data and Patient Management Categories," J of Trauma (December 1990): 1533-1538.
PDFJ Young, D Macioce, W Young, "Identifying Injuries and Trauma Severity in Large Databases," J of Trauma (October 1990): 1220-1230.
PDFW Young, V Ed, "The Multiple Health Care Applications of Patient Management Categories," 5th International Patient Classification Systems/Europe Conference Proceedings, Rome, Italy (September 1989). Translated by Fernando Marin, "Patient Management Categories (PMC): Sus Multiples Aplicaciones en la Gestion Clinica (June 1993).
PDFW Young, "Disease Staging and PMCs," Editorial, Medical Care (September 1988).
W Young, D Joyce, G Bivens, S Lander, D Macioce, "Incorporating the Cost of Ambulatory Care into Case Mix-Based Hospital Reimbursement," J of Ambulatory Care Management (August 1988): 54-67.
W Young, "Patient Management Categories for Multiple Hospital Applications," The AMPRA Review (November/December 1987) and QA Section Connection (September 1987): 1-3.
W Young, "Patient Management Categories: An Analytic Tool for Health Care Management," presented at the l9th Health Economy Colloquium, Schwabish Hall, West Germany, November 1987.
W Young, "Patient Management Categories," keynote address, 12th Australian Conference on Medical Records, Perth, Australia, October 1987.
W Young, R Ekstrom, "Using Patient Management Categories to Gauge Hospital Performance," Business and Health (March 1987): 34-37.
W Young, J Schuchert, M Patterson, "ICD-9-CM Code and Coding Practice Changes for Case Mix Measurement," J of the American Medical Record Association (March 1986): 29-33.
W Young, "Substitution Permissible," Editorial, JAMA (February 1986): 942-943.
W Young, M Patterson, S Lander, "Patient Management Categories and the Costs of Nursing Services," in Costing Out Nursing: Pricing Our Product, ed. F Shaffer (National League for Nursing, 1985). Reprinted in Patients and Purse Strings: Patient Classification and Cost Management (1986) and Proceedings of Northwestern Memorial Hospital's Conference on Patient Classification and Clinical Cost Management (February 1986).
W Young, D Joyce, J Schuchert, M Hutton, D Macioce, Measuring the Cost of Care Using Patient Management Categories, Final Report. Volume I: Patient Management Categories; Volume II: PMC Relative Cost Weights; and Volume III: Patient Management PATHs, HCFA Grant No. 18-P-97063/3 (May 1985). Available through the National Technical Information Service: Volume I, NTIS No. PB86101979; Volume II, NTIS No. PB86101987.
W Young, "Linking Financial Analysis and Quality Assurance Using Patient Management Categories," J of Quality Assurance (Fall/Winter 1984): 18-21.
W Young, "Incorporating Severity of Illness and Comorbidity in Case-Mix Measurement," Health Care Financing Review, Annual Supplement (November 1984): 23-31.
W Young, "Patient Management Categories and Pediatrics," in The Use of Case-Mix Based Prospective Payment for Inpatient Pediatric Hospital Care, National Association of Children's Hospitals and Related Institutions, Inc., Conference Proceedings, (June 1984): 53-69.
W Young, R Swinkola, D Joyce, "The Measurement of Hospital Case Mix," Medical Care (May 1982): 501-512.

W Young, R Swinkola, M Hutton, "Assessment of the AUTOGRP Patient Classification System," Medical Care (February 1980): 228-244.

J Jameson, L Shuman, W Young, "The Effects of Outpatient Psychiatric Utilization on the Costs of Providing Third Party Coverage," Medical Care (May 1978): 383-399.
PDFW Young The Process of Physician Specialty Choice (U of Pittsburgh, May 1975): 001-200.